Let’s Talk Booklet

Check out the brand-new Let’s Talk Booklet – a comprehensive toolkit for navigating teen substance use in Marin County.

This brand-new resource includes information on how the teenage brain works, why substance use is a big deal, definitions of common substances, tips for providing support, and more!

For more information, or for further reading, view the Citations and References.

Citations

  1. Marin County, California Healthy Kids Survey 2017-2018: Main Report. San Francisco: WestEd Health and Human Development Program for the California Department of Education  
  2. Haiken, Melanie. “Dangerous Game”. Marin Magazine. August 29,2016. https://www.marinmagazine.com/dangerous-game/  
  3. Marin County, California Healthy Kids Survey 2017-2018: Main Report. San Francisco: WestEd Health and Human Development Program for the California Department of Education  
  4. WestEd, California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS) and Biennial State CHKS. California Dept. of Education (Mar. 2019).  
  5. Kaynak, Ö., Winters, K. C., Cacciola, J., Kirby, K. C., & Arria, A. M. (2014). “Providing alcohol for underage youth: what messages should we be sending parents?” Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs, 75(4), 590–605. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2014.75.590  
  6. Meier MH, Caspi A, Ambler A, et al. Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109(40):E2657-2664. doi:10.1073/pnas.1206820109  
  7. Volkow ND, Baler RD, Compton WM, Weiss SRB. Adverse health effects of marijuana use. N Engl J Med. 2014;370(23):2219-2227. doi:10.1056/NEJMra1402309  
  8. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: The Current State of Evidence and Recommendations for Research. The National Academies Press; 2017. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/24625/the-health-effects-of-cannabis-and-cannabinoids-the-current-state  
  9. George T, Vaccarino F. Substance Abuse in Canada: The Effects of Cannabis Use during Adolescence. Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse; 2015. https://www.ccsa.ca/effects-cannabis-use-during-adolescence-report  
  10. Freeman TP, Winstock AR. Examining the profile of high-potency cannabis and its association with severity of cannabis dependence. Psychol Med. 2015;45(15):3181-3189. doi:10.1017/S0033291715001178  
  11. Lopez-Quintero C, Pérez de los Cobos J, Hasin DS, et al. Probability and predictors of transition from first use to dependence on nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine: results of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011;115(1-2):120-130. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.11.004  
  12. Petrucci AS, LaFrance EM, Cuttler C. A Comprehensive Examination of the Links between Cannabis Use and Motivation. Subst Use Misuse. 2020;55(7):1155-1164. doi:10.1080/10826084.2020.1729203  
  13. Jones CM, McCance-Katz EF. Relationship Between Recency and Frequency of Youth Cannabis Use on Other Substance Use. J Adolesc Health Off Publ Soc Adolesc Med. 2019;64(3):411-413. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.09.017  
  14. Wadekar AS. Understanding Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) using tree-based classifiers. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020;208:107839. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.107839  
  15. Asbridge M, Hayden JA, Cartwright JL. Acute cannabis consumption and motor vehicle collision risk: systematic review of observational studies and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2012;344:e536. doi:10.1136/bmj.e536  

Full List of References

Marin County, California Healthy Kids Survey 2017-2018: Main Report. San Francisco: WestEd Health and Human Development Program for the California Department of Education

Haiken, Melanie. “Dangerous Game”. Marin Magazine. August 29,2016. https://www.marinmagazine.com/dangerous-game/

Marin County, California Healthy Kids Survey 2017-2018: Main Report. San Francisco: WestEd Health and Human Development Program for the California Department of Education

“High Risk Substance Use in Youth.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 18 Apr. 2019, www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/substance-use/index.htm

“Risk and Protection Factors”. Addiction Policy Forum. https://www.addictionpolicy.org/risk-and-protective-factors

Whitesell, M., Bachand, A., Peel, J., & Brown, M. (2013). “Familial, social, and individual factors contributing to risk for adolescent substance use.” Journal of addiction, 2013, 579310. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/579310

“Parental Monitoring: An Overview.” https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/parental-monitoring

“Parental Monitoring Factsheet.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

WestEd, California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS) and Biennial State CHKS. California Dept. of Education (Mar. 2019).

Alan D. DeSantis PhD,Elizabeth M. Webb MA &Seth M. Noar PhD. “Illicit Use of Prescription ADHD Medications on a College Campus: A Multimethodological Approach.” Pages 315-324 | Published online: 06 Aug 2010

“School Stress: Stimulant Abuse.” Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. September 26, 2016.  https://drugfree.org/parent-blog/sids-know-parents-dont/chool-stress-stimulant-abuse-k

Chen M., Grube J., Gruenewald P. Community alcohol outlet density and underage drinking. Addiction. 2010;105:270–278. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02772.x.

Swendsen, J., Conway, K.P., Degenhardt, L., Glantz, M., Jin, R., Merikangas, K.R., Sampson, N. and Kessler, R.C. (2010), “Mental disorders as risk factors for substance use, abuse and dependence: results from the 10‐year follow‐up of the National Comorbidity Survey.” Addiction, 105. 1117-1128. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.02902.x

NIDA. (2020, April 1). Common Comorbidities with Substance Use Disorders. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/common-comorbidities-substance-use-disorders

Thomas J. McMahon &Suniya S. Luthar, “Patterns and Correlates of Substance Use Among Affluent, Suburban High School Students.” Pages 72-89

Luthar SS, Small PJ, Ciciolla L. “Adolescents from upper middle class communities: Substance misuse and addiction across early adulthood” [published correction appears in Dev Psychopathol. 2018 May;30(2):715-716]. Dev Psychopathol. 2018;30(1):315‐335. doi:10.1017/S0954579417000645

Gomez, R., Thompson, S. J., & Barczyk, A. N. (2010). “Factors associated with substance use among homeless young adults”.  J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2018 Nov; 27(4): 213–221.Substance abuse, 31(1), 24–34. https://doi.org/10.1080/08897070903442566

Okamoto, J., Soto, D, Ritt-Olso n, A. Baezconde-Garbanati, L. “Perceived DIscrimination and Substance Use Among Latino Adolescents.” American Journal of Health Behavior. 33(6); 718-27. November 2009. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/24233507_Perceived_Discrimination_and_Substance_Use_among_Latino_Adolescents

County Health Ranking and Roadmaps. https://www.countyhealthrankings.org/app/california/2020/rankings/marin/county/outcomes/overall/snapshot

Kaynak, Ö., Winters, K. C., Cacciola, J., Kirby, K. C., & Arria, A. M. (2014). “Providing alcohol for underage youth: what messages should we be sending parents?” Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs, 75(4), 590–605. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2014.75.590

Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. www.drugfree.org

“Signs Your Child is Vaping” Northeast Ohio Parent. November 4, 2019 https://www.northeastohioparent.com/featured/signs-your-child-is-vaping/

California Healthy Kids Survey, 2015-16

Volkow, N. D. et al. (2014) Adverse Health Effects of Marijuana Use, New England Journal of Medicine, 370:2219-27. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMra1402309

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (2017) The health effects of cannabis and cannabinoids: The current state of evidence and recommendations for research. Washington, DC. The National Academies Press.

Freeman, T. P., & Winstock, A. R. (2015) Examining the profile of high-potency cannabis and its association with severity of cannabis dependence. Psychological medicine, 45(15), 3181–3189. doi:10.1017/S0033291715001178

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (2013) A rise in marijuana THC levels. Retrieved from:https://archives.drugabuse.gov/rise-in-marijuanas-thc-levels

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2017) What you need to know about marijuana use in teens. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/marijuana/factsheets/teens.htm

National Institutes of Health (NIH). (2013) Marijuana facts for teens. Retrieved from: NIDA for Teens. (2017) Marijuana. Retrieved from: https://drugabuse.gov/sites/default/teens_brochure_2013.pdf

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (2019) Risks of adolescent marijuana use. Retrieved from: https://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/adolescent-development/substance- use/marijuana/risks/index.html

The contribution of cannabis use to variation in the incidence of psychotic disorder across Europe(EU-GEI): a multicentre case-control study. DiForti, M et al. Lancet Psychiatry 2019; 6: 427–36

Silins, E., Horwood, L. J., & Patton, G. C. (2014). Young adult sequelae of adolescent cannabis use: An integrative analysis. The Lancet Psychiatry, 1(4), 286-293. doi:10.1016/s2215-0366(14)70307-4.

Lopez-Quintero C., Perez de los Cabos J., Hasin D.S. (2011). Probability and predictors of transition from first use to dependence on nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine: results of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Drug Alcohol Dependence. 115(1-2):120-130.

Jones, C. M., & McCance-Katz, E.F. (2019). Relationship Between Recency and Frequency of Youth Cannabis Use on Other Substance Use. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(3), 411-413. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.09.017.

Richards, J.R., Smith N.E., Moulin, A.K. Unintentional Cannabis Ingestion in Children: A Systematic Review. J Pediatr 2017; 190:142-52.

Cao, D., Sahaphume, S., Bronstein, A.C., Hoyte, C.O., Characterization of edible marijuana product exposures reported to the United States poison centers. Clinical Toxicology, 54:9, 840-846, DOI: 10.1080/15563650.2016.1209761

Meier, M. H., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Harrington, H., Houts, R., Keefe, R. S., McDonald, K., Ward, A., Poulton, R., & Moffitt, T. E. (2012). Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(40), E2657–E2664. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1206820109

https://www.marinhealthyyouthpartnerships.org/social-host-ordinance

Be the Influence: https://www.betheinfluence.us/

https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/

https://www.cdc.gov/rxawareness/prevent/index.html

https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/pdf/patients/Preventing-an-Opioid-Overdose-Tip-Card-a.pdf